In simple terms, an investigation is a process of finding the truth about something logically, methodologically, and legally to come to a reasonable conclusion.

An investigation can be about
Admirative inquiries
Employee background checks
Misconduct investigations
Policy violations
Criminal matters

But investigator does need not reach conclusions. Therefore, the investigator’s job is to collect and document facts that help others make decisions. For instance, the management in the private sector, the court in the public sector, and the general public for news broadcasted media channels.

Yet, we see many investigators conclude the investigation outcomes themselves, which often leads to severe negative consequences. For instance, it leads to fake encounters by police, fake news spreading by media, and biased investigations by private investigators.